Shuttleworth Design states:
"Our approach to developing the concept was to fully explore and take advantage of the opportunities that arise from not having to carry crew,
and to create a vessel that is capable of using only renewable energy.
Working within the limitations of renewable energy sources has given a clear direction to the developing form of the vessel.
"A trimaran was chosen because it provides the most efficient hull form for low speed motoring.
The hull configuration developed from a requirement to reduce windage, while keeping the solar array sufficiently high above
the water to reduce wave impact. Without the need for accommodation, the centre hull has been kept low to the water and the wings
and deck are separated and raised above on struts. This allows waves to break through the vessel and significantly reduces roll
induced by wave impact.
The outer hulls are designed to skim the water reducing resistance by 8%."
"The two masted soft sail rig will enable a top speed of around 20 knots.
Each sail is simply controlled by a single sheet, and can furl into the boom and allow multiple reefing configurations for varying wind speeds.
Stowing the sails while motoring reduces windage and eliminates shadows cast over the solar cells on the deck, while allowing the masts to stay
standing to carry navigation lights."
Professor Kevin Jones, Executive Dean of the Faculty of Science and
Engineering at the University, states:
"MARS will be a genuine world-first, and will operate as a research platform,
conducting numerous scientific experiments during the course of its voyage. And it will be a test
bed for new navigation software and alternative forms of power, incorporating huge advancements in solar,
wave and sail technology. As the eyes of the world follow its progress, it will provide a live educational resource
to students, a chance to watch, and maybe participate in history in the making."
Plymouth-based firm MSubs will be leading on the construction, using their expertise in building autonomous marine vessels
for a variety of global customers. Managing Director Brett Phaneuf states:
"The project will confront current regulations governing
autonomous craft at sea". He also confirms that conversations have already been initiated with bodies such as the Maritime and Coastguard
Agency and DNV GL, the international certification and classification society. "While advances in technology have propelled land and air-based transport to new levels of intelligent autonomy,
it has been a different story on the sea". Brett states. "The civilian maritime world has, as yet, been unable to
harness the autonomous drone technology that has been used so effectively in situations considered unsuitable for humans.
It begs the question, if we can put a rover on Mars and have it autonomously conduct research, why can't we sail an unmanned
vessel across the Atlantic Ocean and, ultimately, around the globe? That's something we are hoping to answer with MARS."
"The vessel will conduct all manner of meteorological, oceanographic and climate data gathering and research.
It is intended to house one or more modular payload bays, much like a Space Shuttle, into which a diverse range of mission equipment will be fitted to support the various
research tasks. Equally important, we will be conducting research on renewable energy and propulsion systems for marine vessels, research on the software for automated and
autonomous operations for extended duration, advanced satellite communications and co-operative behaviour between nested automated and autonomous vehicles operating below,
on and above the water simultaneously. We'll also be looking at data harvesting issues - how to know when something is significant enough to alert the scientists at mission
control in Plymouth (UK) and Plymouth (USA) and perhaps 'goal oriented programming' to create dynamic mission plans that better serves the scientific goals of a specific mission
without significant human intervention through direct operation of the Mayflower Autonomous Research Ship.
"An Atlantic crossing could take as little as 7-10 days with optimal wind conditions but what's important is that it could take 7 - 10 months
if we so choose, so that the ship could collect voluminous data for ongoing analysis by shore based teams of scientists and not worry about refuelling,
or re-provisioning, or illness.....or loneliness. It is optimized to be AT-SEA supporting science, not racing across the Atlantic, however speed will be useful when the
MARS needs to head to remote areas of the globe and again, collecting data all along the way!
"MARS will be monitored continuously therefore vandalism and piracy is a minor concern when compared with concerns about structural, mechanical, electrical,
corrosion and software issues....the sea can be punishing on equipment and there will be no one present to repair the vehicle, hence it will need to have redundant
systems and be as robustly built as possible using the latest in composite materials."
The multi-million pound project is part of the University's 'Shape the Future' fundraising campaign, recently launched at
the House of Lords. Initial funding has been provided by the University, MSubs, and the ProMare Foundation, and corporate and
private sponsorship will be sought for ongoing support. MARS will also create a large number of student
internship opportunities for the University.
Anyone who is interested in supporting this project should contact Shuttleworth Design at
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